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© 2017 by Dimitrios Kapernekas

Medicinal Plants Can Prevent Most Health Issues

The following are plant products we most often use as ingredients in healing oils that protect our bodies from most issues.  They are naturally occurring plants, and have traditionally been used medicinally in three different ways for thousands of years:  

   1.     aromatically, in aromatherapy systems or rubbed on chest, back, and neck 

   2.     applied on skin, using a mixture containing mostly olive oil 

   3.     ingested in very small quantities, by diluting in water or herbal tea.

Bay Leaves

The health benefits of bay leaves can be attributed to its properties as an antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-neuralgic, anti-spasmodic, analgesic, aperitif, astringent, cholagogue, emenagogue, febrifuge, insecticide, sedative, stomachic, sudorific, and tonic substance.

Bay held an important place in Ancient Greece, as a medicine taken regularly in most stews and soups.  The fresh leaves of the Bay tree, whose scientific name is Laurus Nobilis, main constituents are alpha pinene, alpha terpineol, beta pinene, chavicol, geranyl acetate, eugenol, limonene, linalool, methyl chavicol, myrcene, and neural.

Bay leaves improve the health of your hair follicles and eliminate dandruff.

Bay leaves reduce inflammation throughout the body.  Bay leaves contain a unique phytonutrient, called parthenolide, which can quickly reduce inflammation and irritation when topically applied to affected areas, such as sore joints or areas affected by arthritis.  This effect can also be achieved through normal consumption of bay leaf as a spice.

Caffeic acid and rutin are both important organic compounds found in the bay leaves that enhance our heart health.  Rutin strengthens capillary walls in the heart and the body’s extremities, while caffeic acid can help eliminate “bad” cholesterol from the cardiovascular system.

The unique combination of antioxidants and organic compounds in bay leaves, including phytonutrients, catechins, linalool, and parthenolide, helps to protect the body from the effects of free radicals.  Free radicals can cause healthy cells to mutate into cancerous cells, which bay leaves are particularly adept at preventing.

One of the least commonly known benefits of bay leaves is their naturally soothing quality.  Linalool is often associated with thyme and basil, but it is also present in bay leaves, and can help to lower the level of stress hormones in the body, especially when used in aromatherapy.  Excess stress hormones can be dangerous for long-term health, so bay leaves can help you calm down and remain relaxed even in your most high-anxiety moments.

Bay leaves have been directly connected with improved insulin receptor function and regulated blood sugar levels.  For patients at risk of developing diabetes, or for those who have already developed the condition, regular consumption of bay leaves can significantly lower the chances of diabetic episodes.

 

Eucalyptus

Some of the best health benefits of eucalyptus include its ability to boost respiratory health, remove mental exhaustion, treat fever, treat pneumonia, strengthen the immune system, protect skin health, treat muscle pain, ease tension and anxiety, lower blood sugar, manage diabetes, eliminate inflammation, heal wounds, kill intestinal germs, and fight against bacterial infection.   

Eucalyptus essential oil is obtained from fresh leaves of the tall, evergreen eucalyptus tree.  The tree, scientifically classified as Eucalyptus Globulus, is also known as fever tree, blue gum tree or stringy bark tree, depending on where it is located in the world.  Eucalyptus is native to Australia and has been spread in the past few centuries to most parts of the world.

 

Oregano

Some of the most impressive health benefits of oregano include its ability to protect the immune system, prevent the onset of chronic disease, improve digestion, detoxify the body, strengthen the bones, improve heart health, increase energy levels, and even protect against diabetes.

The health benefits of oregano can be attributed to its properties as an antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, digestive, emmenagogue and anti-allergenic substance.

The disinfectant and antibacterial properties of oregano essential oil were first recognized in ancient Greece where they were often used for treating bacterial infections on the skin or in wounds, and it was also employed to protect food from bacteria.  Oregano is a plant native to higher altitudes and normally grows in the mountains, which is how it got the name “Oregano”, which means “Delight of the Mountains”.

The Essential Oil of Oregano is extracted through steam distillation of fresh oregano leaves and buds, which bear the scientific name Oreganum Vulgare.  Its chief components are Carvacrol, Thymol, Cymene, Caryophyllene, Pinene, Bisabolene, Linalool, Borneol, Geranyl Acetate, Linalyl Acetate and Terpinene.

 

Cypress

The health benefits of cypress essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an astringent, antiseptic, antispasmodic, deodorant, diuretic, hemostatic, hepatic, styptic, sudorific, vasoconstricting, respiratory tonic and sedative substance.

The essential oil of cypress is obtained through steam distillation of young twigs, stems, and needles.  Cypress, a needle bearing tree of coniferous and deciduous regions, bears the scientific name of Cupressus Sempervirens.

The essential oils extracted from cypress contain Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Alpha Terpinene, Bornyl Acetate, Carene, Camphene, Cedrol, Cadinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Terpinolene, Linalool, and other chemicals which contribute to its medicinal properties.  

 

Juniper

The health benefits of Juniper Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an antiseptic, sudorific, antirheumatic, depurative, antispasmodic, stimulating, stomachic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, rubefacient, vulnerary and tonic substance.

The essential oil of juniper is obtained through steam distillation of the needles, wood and fruits of juniper, bearing the scientific name Juniperus Communis.  Its main components are Alpha Pinene, Camphene, Beta Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Alpha Phellandrene, Alpha Terpinene, Gamma Terpinene, Cineole, Beta Phellandrene, Para Cymene, Terpineol, Bornyl Acetate, and Caryophyllene, and trace amounts of Limonene, Camphor, Linalool, Linalyl Acetate, Borneol, and Nerol.  Juniper is an evergreen shrub that is very common in Europe, famous for smelling so nice as well as its impressive health benefits.

 

Olive Leaf

While olive oil is famous around the world for the benefits it offers, olive leaf extract is less well known for the impressive health effects that can make it a valuable addition to our diet.  

Olive leaf extract is derived from the leaves of the olive tree, Olea europaea, and has been used medicinally for thousands of years.  

There are various other ways to benefit from the dense nutrient value of olive leaves, such as teas or tinctures, but they aren’t as efficient or potent when it comes to this extract’s health potential.  Olive leaf extract contains oleuropein, along with other flavonoids and polyphenolic compounds, that deliver a host of health benefits, regardless of what form it comes in.

The most important health benefits of olive leaf extract include its ability to cause weight loss by increasing our metabolic rate, improve the appearance of our skin, treat viral infections including herpes breakouts, manage cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, regulate blood sugar fluctuation, strengthen immunity and soothe all sorts of pain.  Olive leaf extract slows aging, regulates diabetes, fights cancer, improves cognitive performance, improves digestion, has analgesic qualities, and is an anti-inflammatory agent.

 

Olive

The health benefits of olive oil include treatment for colon and breast cancerdiabetesheart problems, arthritis, high cholesterol, weight lossmetabolism, and digestion.  It is a staple ingredient for many culinary preparations and also serves a variety of medicinal purposes.  

It helps in lowering the bad cholesterol level in our blood, as it is rich in monounsaturated fats.  When unheated, it contains very high levels of antioxidant polyphenols and oleic acid.  Olive oil is an essential fruit oil, not a vegetable oil.  The olive tree can live for hundreds of years uncultivated.  Olive oil is utilized raw for developing cosmetic products and soaps, for medicinal purposes, and as pharmaceutical supplements.  Olive oil over a couple years old has always been used as fuel for lighting lamps.  

Polyphenols are potent antioxidants found in olive oil; antioxidants have been shown to improve cognitive acquisition by reducing oxidative stress.  Olive oil has beneficial effects on learning and memory by reversing normal everyday oxidative damage.

Medical experts suggest that it is possible to lose weight from replacing animal fats with the mono-unsaturated fats present in olive oil.  Experiments involving replacing some animal products with olive oil have shown positive results in regards to a reduction in weight.  Olive oil boosts the metabolism, the growth of good bone structure, and brain development.  It is an excellent source of vitamin E, which is very beneficial for several reasons.  Even though olive oil has lots of calories, it could be used regularly in most meals and it has weight reduction benefits due to a metabolic rate increase.  I personally eat as much olive oil as I can, and find that I enjoy perfect health due to the positive health effects.

 

Tea tree

This oil is meant for topical application only.  Health benefits of Tea Tree (or Melaleuca) can be attributed to its properties as an antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, balsamic, cicatrisant, expectorant, fungicide, insecticide, stimulant and sudorific substance.  Tea tree essential oil boosts our immune systems and is a protective agent for our skin.

Tea tree oil is extracted through steam distillation of twigs and leaves of the Tea Tree, botanical name Melaleuca Alternifolia.  The tea tree is native to Southeast Queensland and New South Wales, in Australia, which is why it is such a common and popular essential oil in that country.  

The main constituents of Tea Tree essential oil are Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Alpha Phellandrene, Alpha Terpinene, Limonene, Cineole, Gamma Terpinene, Para Cymene, Terpinolene, Linalool, Terpinenol and Alpha Terpineol.  This tree is native to Australia and its oil has been used and known among the original inhabitants of that continent as a cure-all medicine since ancient times.

The reputation as a topical cure-all given to this oil is not an exaggeration.  Tea tree oil can be used as a cure for almost all tropical infections and diseases.  It is invariably found in almost all households of Australia, particularly those that have small children.  Beside the healing and disinfectant properties that make it a wonder drug, it also boosts your immunity.  However, it is not meant to be ingested, and is poisonous in large quantities.  It is meant for topical application only.

 

Frankincense

The health benefits of frankincense essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an antiseptic, disinfectant, astringent, carminative, cicatrisant, cytophylactic, digestive, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, sedative, tonic, uterine and vulnerary substance.  Frankincense oil is extracted from the gum or resin from Frankincense or Olibanum trees, Boswellia Carteri.  The main components of this essential oil are Alpha Pinene, Actanol, Bornyl Acetate, Linalool, Octyl Acetate, Incense, and Incensyl Acetate.  Frankincense has been a popular ingredient in cosmetics and incense burners for centuries.  It has even been found in the remains of ancient Egyptian and Anglo-Saxon civilizations.  Furthermore, it is closely associated with religious traditions and rites, particularly in the Christian tradition.

Apart from being used as a cosmetic and as a fragrance, frankincense oil has numerous medicinal uses, such as strengthening the immune system and oral health.

Frankincense oil is effective as an antiseptic, and even the fumes or smoke obtained from burning it have antiseptic and disinfectant qualities that eliminate the germs in the space where the smoke is located.  It can be applied on wounds without any known side effects to protect them from tetanus and becoming septic.  It is equally good on internal wounds and protects them from developing infections.

Those same antiseptic qualities also make frankincense oil a useful preventative measure against oral issues, like bad breath, toothaches, cavities, mouth sores, and other infections.  Look for natural oral care products that include frankincense oil if you enjoy the flavor or aroma, and want to include a strong antiseptic in your health regimen.  You can even create your own all-natural toothpaste with frankincense oil and baking soda, or a mouthwash with water and peppermint oil.  

 

Myrrh

The health benefits of Myrrh Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an antimicrobial, astringent, expectorant, antifungal, stimulant, carminative, stomachic, anticatarrhal, diaphoretic, vulnerary, antiseptic, immune booster, circulatory, tonic, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic.

The essential oil of myrrh is extracted from the resin.  Myrrh, in the scientific nomenclature system, is called Commiphora Myrrha and is native to Egypt.  The resin was frequently used in incense and perfumes in ancient Egypt, and the oil obtained from it was used for healings wounds in ancient Greece.  The main components of this essential oil are Alpha Pinene, Cadinene, Limonene, Cuminaldehyde, Eugenol, Cresol, Heerabolene, Acetic Acid, Formic Acid, and Sesquiterpenes.

Apart from being a very reputable oil in the field of aromatherapy, it has plenty of medicinal uses.  Myrrh essential oil is antimicrobial and antiviral; it does not allow microbes to grow or infect your system.  It can be used to prevent any ailment resulting from microbial infection, such as feverfood poisoning, cough & cold, mumps, measles, pox and infections of wounds.  It has no adverse side effects, unlike other antibiotics, such as weakening of liver, or digestive malfunction.

Myrrh essential oil is an astringent, which means that it strengthens the gums and muscles, intestines and other internal organs, and smoothens the skin.  It also strengthens the grip of scalp on hair roots, thereby preventing hair loss.  One more serious aspect of this astringent property is that it stops hemorrhaging in wounds. When this astringency makes the blood vessels contract and checks the flow of blood, it can stop you from losing too much blood when wounded.

Myrrh essential oil is good for coughs and colds since it is an antiviral expectorant. It kills viral infections, while relieving congestion and reducing the deposition of phlegm in the lungs and respiratory tracts.

 

Coconut

Coconut oil benefits in skincare, hair care, weight loss, treating yeast infections, improving digestion and increasing immunity against a host of infections and diseases. The oil is very beneficial in keeping organs healthy, healing, cancer treatment, heart health, dental care, and slowing aging.

This oil is the reason for long and shining hair of women in tropical coastal regions. Women in tropical coastal regions of the world use coconut oil for their hair almost daily.  This thick butter-like oil helps in healthy growth of hair and makes your hair shiny.  It is also highly effective in reducing protein loss, which if unchecked can lead to various unattractive or unhealthy qualities in your hair.  This is the reason why it is used as hair care oil and is used in manufacturing various conditioners and dandruff relief creams.  How to use coconut oil for your hair?  Just apply a very small amount on your hair, most easily done when hair is wet.

Worried about damaged hair?  Again coconut oil is the solution.  It is an excellent conditioner and helps the re-growth process of damaged hair.  It also provides the essential proteins required for nourishing and healing damaged hair.  Research studies indicate that it provides the best protection to hair from all sorts of damage.

Coconut oil helps to improve digestion and the digestive system, thus preventing various stomach and digestion-related problems including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The saturated fats present in coconut oil have antimicrobial properties and help in dealing with various bacteria, fungi, and parasites that can cause indigestion.  It also helps in the absorption of other nutrients such as vitaminsminerals and amino acids.

Calcium is an important component of our teeth and bones.  Since coconut oil facilitates absorption of calcium by the body, it helps in developing strong teeth and bones.  It also stops tooth decay.  Recent research suggests that coconut oil is beneficial in reducing plaque formation and plaque induced gingivitis.

Candida, also known as Systemic Candidiasis, is a tragic disease caused from excessive and uncontrolled growth of yeast called Candida Albicans in the gut. Coconut provides relief from the inflammation caused by candida, both externally and internally. Its high moisture retaining capacity keeps the skin from cracking or peeling off. Capric acid, Caprylic acid, caproic acid, myristic acid and lauric acid found in coconut oil help in eliminating Candida albicans.

Further, unlike other pharmaceutical treatments for candida, the effect of coconut oil is gradual and not drastic or sudden, which gives the patient an appropriate amount of time to get used to the withdrawal symptoms or Herxheimer Reactions (the name given to the symptoms accompanying body’s rejection of toxins generated during elimination of these fungi). But in the treatment of this condition, people should systematically and gradually increase their dosages of coconut oil and shouldn’t initially start with a large quantity.

When applied to help quickly heal infected areas, coconut oil forms a chemical layer that protects the infected body part from external dust, air, fungi, bacteria and viruses. Coconut oil is highly effective on bruises because it speeds up the healing process of damaged tissues.

Coconut keeps our organs healthy.  The presence of medium chain triglycerides and fatty acids in coconut oil helps in preventing liver diseases because those substances are easily converted into energy when they reach the liver, thus reducing the work load of the liver and also preventing accumulation of fat. It also helps in preventing kidney and gall bladder diseases and helps to dissolve kidney stones. Coconut oil is also believed to be useful in keeping pancreas healthy by treating pancreatitis.

It is believed that coconut oil plays an instrumental role in reducing viral susceptibility for HIV and cancer patients.  Preliminary research has shown an indication of this effect of coconut oil on reducing the viral load of HIV patients.

Coconut oil is good for the heart.  Lauric acid present in coconut oil helps in actively preventing various heart problems like high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. Coconut oil does not lead to increase in LDL levels, and it reduces the incidence of injury and damage to arteries, and therefore helps in preventing atherosclerosis.  

According to the Coconut Research Center, coconut oil kills the viruses that cause influenza, measles, hepatitis, herpes, SARS, and other serious health risks.  It also kills bacteria that cause ulcers, throat infections, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and gonorrhoea.  Finally, coconut oil is also effective in the elimination of fungi and yeast that cause ringworm, athlete’s foot, thrush, and diaper rash.

Coconut oil is strongly recommended for a number of other benefits that are explained below.  Using coconut oils has been shown to help the following:

Stress relief:  Coconut oil is very soothing and hence it helps in removing stress. Applying it to the head, followed by a gentle massage, helps to eliminate mental fatigue. According to research virgin coconut oil gives relief from stress and has antioxidant properties.

Diabetes:  Coconut oil helps in controlling blood sugar, and improves the secretion of insulin.  It also promotes the effective utilization of blood glucose, thereby preventing and treating diabetes.

Bones and Teeth:  Coconut oil improves the ability of our body to absorb important minerals.  These include calcium and magnesium, which are necessary for the development of bones.  Thus, it is very useful to women who are prone to osteoporosis after middle age.

Boosts Energy:  Coconut oil is often used by athletes, body builders and by those who are dieting.  The reason behind this being that it contains less calories than other oils, its fat content is easily converted into energy, and it does not lead to accumulation of fat in the heart and arteries.  Coconut oil helps boost energy and endurance, and generally enhances the performance of athletes.

 

Basil

The health benefits of basil include oral care, relief from respiratory disorders, as well as treatment of feverasthma, lung disorders, heart diseases and stress.  Basil, which has the scientific name Ocimum Sanctum is undoubtedly one of the best medicinal herbs so far discovered.  It has unbelievable medicinal values and has been highly valued in India for thousands of years.  A few leaves dropped in drinking water or foods can purify it and can kill germs within it as well.  Even keeping it planted in a pot indoors can help protect the whole family from infections, coughs, colds and other viral infections.  

The health benefits of basil essential oil include its ability to treat nausea, motion sickness, indigestion, constipationrespiratory problems, and diabetes.  Basil oil is also a good source of Vitamin Amagnesiumpotassiumiron, and calcium.

The leaves and seeds of the basil plant are the important medicinal parts of this herb, which is regularly used in cuisines and recipes all over the world.  The oil is extensively used for culinary purposes in the Mediterranean region and still forms the active ingredient of many Italian recipes such as pesto.  It is also used when making pasta and salads.

Basil was widely used in ancient times in places like India for various medicinal purposes (Ayurvedic medicine).  The herb was used to treat diarrhea, cough, mucous discharges, constipation, indigestion, and certain skin diseases.

 

Thyme

The health benefits of thyme essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an antispasmodic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, bactericidal, bechic, cardiac, carminative, cicatrisant, diuretic, emenagogue, expectorant, hypertensive, insecticide, stimulant, tonic and vermifuge substance.

Thyme is a common herb and is generally used as a condiment or spice.  Besides that, thyme is also used in herbal and domestic medicines.  Thyme is botanically known as Thymus Vulgaris.

The medicinal properties of thyme come mainly from its essential oil, which are extracted through steam distillation of fresh flowers and leaves.  The chief constituents of its essential oil are Alpha Thujone, Alpha Pinene, Camphene, Beta Pinene, Para Cymene, Alpha Terpinene, Linalool, Borneol, Beta Caryophyllene, Thymol and Carvacrol.

Thyme essential oil has over 20 incredible benefits including improving skin health,  circulation, and strengthening the immune system.  

One of the stimulating components of thyme oil can help to improve the circulation , which increases healing to extremities.  

Some of the volatile components of thyme oil, such as camphene and alpha-pinene, are able to strengthen the immune system with their antibacterial and anti-fungal properties.  This makes them effective both inside and outside the body, protecting the mucus membranes, gut and respiratory system from potential infections.  The antioxidant properties of this oil also help reduce free radical damage.

Cicatrisant:  One tremendous property of thyme essential oil is use as a cicatrisant.  This property makes scars and other ugly spots on your body vanish.  These include the surgical marks, marks left by accidental injuries, acne, pox, measles, and sores.

 

Orange

The health benefits of orange essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, antispasmodic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, carminative, diuretic, tonic, sedative and a cholagogic substance.  

This essential oil is obtained from the peels of orange by cold compression.  Citrus Sinensis oil main components are Alpha Pinene, Citronellal, Geranial, Sabinene, Myrcene, Limonene, Linalool, and Neral.

 

Lime

The health benefits can be attributed to its properties as an antiseptic, antiviral, astringent, aperitif, bactericidal, disinfectant, febrifuge, haemostatic, restorative and tonic substance.  Limes, like lemons, are full of antioxidants and other beneficial nutrients. 

The essential oil of lime is extracted by cold compression of fresh lime peels or by steam distillation of its dried peels.  Citrus Aurantifolia essential oil compounds include Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Myrcene, Limonene, Terpinolene, Cineole, Linalool, Borneol, Citral, Neral Acetate and Geranyl Acetate.  

Cinnamon

Although cinnamon oil has numerous health benefits, it often causes irritations and allergic reactions.  Therefore, we often prefer to use the spice instead of the oil. 

Cinnamomum zeylanicum originated in tropical Asia and was particularly widely used in Sri Lanka and India.  Now, the shrub is grown in almost every tropical region of the world.  The spice, owing to its vast medicinal uses, has found a prominent position in traditional medicines, especially in Ayurveda, which is the traditional Indian medicinal system.  It has been used in many cultures for treating a variety of health disorders including diarrheaarthritis, menstrual cramps, heavy menstruation, yeast infections, colds, flu, and digestive problems.

Cinnamon is used for the treatment of a variety of health problems including respiratory problemsskin infections, blood impurity, menstrual problems, and various heart disorders.  The most important part is its bark, which can be used in various ways.

Many health benefits of cinnamon can be attributed to its antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, astringent and anticlotting properties.  The spice is rich in essential minerals such as manganeseiron, and calcium, while also having a high content of fiber.  Its health benefits include the following:

Cinnamon boosts the activity of the brain and makes it a great tonic.  It helps nervous tension and memory loss.  It has been proven that the scent of the spice has the ability to boost brain activity.  The researchers found that people who were given cinnamon improved their scores on cognitive activities such as attention span, virtual recognition memory, working memory, and visual-motor response speed.

Cinnamon can help remove blood impurities and makes a great treatment for pimples.

Cinnamon helps to improve the circulation of blood due to the presence of a blood thinning compound in it. This blood circulation helps to significantly reduce pain. Good blood circulation ensures oxygen supply to the body’s cells, which leads to higher metabolic activity. You can significantly reduce the chance of suffering from a heart attack by regularly consuming it.

Cinnamon is also an anti-inflammatory substance, so it helps in removing stiffness of the muscles and joints.  It is also recommended for arthritis and is known to help in removing headaches caused by cold.

Research suggests that cinnamon may help to reduce effects of a high-fat diet. It may further reduce the risk of cardiovascular damage.

Cinnamon has the ability to control blood sugar, so diabetics find it very useful because it aids them in using less insulin.  Research has shown that it is particularly helpful for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes.  Type 2 diabetes patients are not able to regulate their insulin levels properly.  A water-soluble polyphenol compound called MHCP, which is abundant in cinnamon, synergistically acted with insulin and helped in the better utilization of this vital component.

Due to its antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral and antiseptic properties, it is effective for treating external as well as internal infections.  It helps in destroying germs in the gall bladder and the bacteria present in staph infections.

It acts as a coagulant and helps to stop excess bleeding. Therefore, it facilitates the healing process.

It is believed that the calcium and fiber present in cinnamon provide protection against heart diseases.  By including a little of this spice in your food, you can help prevent coronary artery disease and high blood pressure.

It can also improve the health of the colon and thereby reduce the risk of colon cancer.

Cinnamon is often used in chewing gums, as it is a good mouth freshener and removes bad breath.

It has a refreshing aroma and is extensively used in perfume-making.

Cinnamon is in many recipes.  Apart from adding flavor to the food, it also aids in digestion.  It is very effective against indigestion, nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, diarrhea and flatulence.  Due to its carminative properties, it is very helpful in eliminating excess gas from the stomach and intestines.  It also removes acidity and reduces the effects of morning sickness.  It is, therefore, often referred to as a digestive tonic.

It helps in relieving the symptoms of colds, influenza, sore throat and congestion.

Cinnamon is effective in providing relief from menstrual discomfort and cramping.

It is also believed that cinnamon aids in the secretion of healthy breast milk.

It is commonly used as an aphrodisiac and is believed to arouse sexual desire in men and women.

Cinnamon oil is obtained from the bark and leaves of cinnamon trees. This oil does have various applications in aromatherapy; however, it is not as popular as other essential oils such as pine essential oilbasil essential oilrosemary essential oil and lavender essential oil.

The oil contains a compound named cinnamaldehyde, which is an excellent flavoring agent.

The pleasant aroma of cinnamon oil makes it very effective as a room freshener. It is often added to potpourris.

Eliminating mosquitoes: Cinnamon oil is an environmentally safe solution for solving the global menace and disease-spreading capacity of mosquitoes.

Many companies that produce the oil claim that it is a good antibacterial and antifungal agent, making it very effective in the treatment of infections. Recent research suggests that Cinnamomum cassia oil has the potential to be used as a natural antibacterial agent in food industry and can be used for controlling mites that negatively affect honey bees.

Being strong in nature, cinnamon oil should be avoided for internal consumption. Furthermore, it can burn the skin.  Therefore, it should be used in diluted form.  Before using the diluted oil, it should be tested to make sure it suits your skin.  You should apply only a small quantity of the oil initially and check if you develop any reaction.  Do not apply on sensitive areas at first.

This oil blends well with various essential oils, so it is added to many aromatherapy preparations.  It enhances the effectiveness of other herbs and essential oils, thus speeding up the treatment of various herbal remedies.  Furthermore, many herbs can have an unpleasant taste.  Cinnamon or cinnamon oil is often added to herbal preparations to make them taste better.  

 

Geranium

The health benefits of Geranium Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an astringent, hemostatic, cicatrisant, cytophylactic, diuretic, deodorant, styptic, tonic, vermifuge and a vulnerary agent.  It is widely used as an element in aromatherapy for its health benefits, including its ability to improve the health of the skin, balance hormones, relieve stress and depression, reduce inflammation and irritation, alleviate the effects of menopause, improve circulation, benefit dental health, boost kidney health, and reduce blood pressure.

The Essential Oil of Geranium is extracted through steam distillation of stems and leaves of the Geranium plant, bearing the scientific name Pelargonium Odorantissimum.  The main components of this oil are Alpha Pinene, Myrcene, Limonene, Menthone, Linalool, Geranyl Acetate, Citronellol, Geraniol and Geranyl Butyrate.

Astringent: The main function of an astringent is to induce contractions in various parts of the body.  Accordingly, Geranium Oil makes the gums, muscles, intestines, skin, tissues and blood vessels contract.  Furthermore, this includes the contraction of abdominal muscles which gives you a better, toned look.  Geranium essential oil can also prevent muscles and skin from sagging, as well as the untimely loosening and loss of teeth by tightening up the gums.  Finally, it can reduce the presence of wrinkles by tightening the facial skin, thereby delaying some of the effects of premature aging.

Antibacterial & Antimicrobial: The strong properties of geranium essential oil prevent bacteria or microbes from developing on wounds and keeps you safe from developing infections.  This boost to the immune system allows the body’s defensive cells to focus on the internal challenges and dangers, rather than being weakened by peripheral toxins on the skin.

Vulnerary: Geranium Oil speeds up the healing process of wounds, cuts and surgical incisions.  This property makes it a vulnerary.  Perhaps, it is due to its other qualities as a hemostatic, styptic, antibacterial, antimicrobial and cytophylactic substance that also make it a vulnerary, but the end result is the same.

Cicatrisant: Everyone wants their skin to be free from scars and after marks of fat-cracks, surgeries, boils, acne or pox.  Unfortunately, many people end up spending a fortune and trying all the available cosmetic solutions on the market and still don’t get the desired results.  Geranium Oil is a powerful cicatrisant, so it helps the scars and other spots on the skin to fade and vanish.  It facilitates blood circulation just below the surface of the skin and also helps promote a uniform distribution of melanin.

Hemostatic: Geranium essential oil can stop hemorrhaging in two ways.  First, as an astringent (more specifically, a styptic), it causes the contraction of blood vessels and helps in stopping the blood flow, as discussed above.  Second, as a hemostatic agent, it speeds up coagulation and the clotting of blood, which aids in the healing of wounds and the prevention of toxins from entering the bloodstream through open or unclotted wounds.

 

Cardamom

The health benefits of Cardamom Essential Oil can be attributed to its ability to reduce spasms, neutralize the adverse effects of chemotherapy, reduce nausea, as well as its qualities as an antiseptic, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, astringent, digestive, stomachic, stimulant, and diuretic substance.

Cardamom essential oil is extracted from the seeds of Cardamom, whose scientific name is Elettaria Cardamomum.  It is extensively used and admired as a versatile spice around the world.  

The main constituents of its essential oil are Sabinene, Limonene, Terpenene, Eugenol, Cineol, Nerol, Geraniol, Linalool, Nerodilol, Heptenone, Borneol, Alpha Terpineol, Beta Terpineol, Terpinyl Acetate, Alpha Pinene, Myrcene, Cymene, Neryl Acetate, Methyl Heptenone, Linalyl Acetate and Heptacosane.

Apart from its culinary uses, you are probably familiar with it as a mouth freshener.  

Cardamom oil is highly effective in curing muscular and respiratory spasms, thereby giving relief from muscle pulls and cramps, asthma, and whooping cough.

Cardamom essential oil has very strong antiseptic and antimicrobial properties, which are safe as well.  If used as a mouth wash by adding few drops of this oil in water, it disinfects the oral cavity of all germs and eliminates bad breath.  It can also be added to drinking water to kill the germs contained there.  It can also be used in foods as a flavoring agent, which will also keep them safe from spoiling due to microbial action. A mild solution in water can be used to bathe, while disinfecting the skin and hair.

It is the essential oil in cardamom that makes it such a good digestive.  This oil boosts digestion by stimulating the whole digestive system.  It is also stomachic in nature, which means that it keeps the stomach healthy and functioning properly.  It helps maintain the proper secretion of gastric juices, acids and bile in the stomach.  It also protects the stomach from infections.

Cardamom essential oil stimulates your entire system. This stimulating effect also boosts your spirits in cases of depression or fatigue. It also stimulates the secretion of various enzymes and hormones, gastric juices, peristaltic motion, circulation, and excretion, thus maintaining proper metabolic action throughout the body.

Warming: Cardamom oil has a warming effect. This means that it heats up the body, promotes sweating, helps clear congestion and coughs, while also relieving symptoms of the common cold. It also provides relief from headaches that result from illness and can be used to cure diarrhea caused by extreme cold.

It helps lower blood pressure, remove toxins and clean calcium and urea deposits from the kidneys.

Cardamom oil has an arousing effect that can help cure sexual weakness, erectile dysfunctions, impotence, loss of libido, and frigidity.

Cardamom oil helps to neutralize the effects of tobacco, insect bites and even the ingestion of mild poisons.  Furthermore, it can clear the bowels, cure colic, remove bad breath, heal oral infections, and alleviate the pain of toothaches.

No toxic effects have been noticed from consuming cardamom essential oil, but an excessive amount of cardamom essential oil can result in unrest and extra heating up of the body and the digestive system, resulting in loose bowels and irritation. Pregnant women and lactating mothers are advised not to ingest cardamom oil, since the irritation or warming may effect the baby.

 

Cloves 

Providing aid in digestion, having antimicrobial properties, fighting against cancer, protecting the liver, boosting the immune system, controlling diabetes, preserving bone quality, and containing anti-mutagenic properties, as well as fighting against oral diseases and headaches, while also displaying aphrodisiac properties.

Cloves are one of the spices indigenous to Asian countries like Indonesia, India, Pakistan, and even areas of East Africa.  It is native to the Maluku islands in Indonesia.  They are a popular flavouring agent used in a variety of ways across the world, particularly in Asia.  Cloves form the culinary base in a number of different Asian cuisines.

Clove, just like many other spices originating in Asia, has a great history behind it. During the 13th and 14th centuries, cloves were transported from Indonesia to China, India, Persia, Africa, and Europe.  During this time, cloves had a very high price, thus wars for monopoly over clove production and distribution began.  Many wars were waged in order to control the islands of Maluku during both the medieval and modern period.  The Dutch emerged victorious and held the Maluku islands for a very long time.  Today, clove is a very important commercial crop all around the world.

Scientific Facts About Clove

Clove is the dried bud of the flower from a tree named Syzygium aromaticum.  It belongs to the plant family named Myrtaceae.  The plant is an evergreen plant growing in tropical and subtropical conditions.  Clove is a herb and people use various parts of the plant, including the dried bud, stems, and leaves to make medicine.  Clove oil is famous for its medicinal properties.

Clove has been used for thousands of years in India and China, not only as a spice and condiment, but also as a medicine for many ailments.  Ayurvedic medicine used cloves for tooth decay, halitosis, and bad breath.  In Chinese medicine, clove was considered to possess aphrodisiac properties.

Certain bioactive compounds have been isolated from clove extracts.  Some of them include: flavonoids, hexane, methylene chloride, ethanol, thymol, eugenol, and benzene.  These biochemicals have been reported to possess various properties, including antioxidant, hepato-protective, anti-microbia, and anti-inflammatory properties.

Cloves improve digestion by stimulating the secretion of digestive enzymes.  Cloves are also good for reducing flatulence, gastric irritability, dyspepsia and nausea.  They can be roasted, powdered, and taken with honey for relief in digestive disorders.

Antibacterial Properties

Cloves have been tested for their antibacterial properties against a number of human pathogens. The extracts of cloves were potent enough to kill those pathogens.  Clove extracts are also effective against the specific bacteria that spreads cholera.

Cloves are of interest to the medical community due to their chemo-preventive or anti-carcinogenic properties.  Tests have showed that they are helpful in controlling lung cancer in its early stages.

Cloves contain high amounts of antioxidants, which are ideal for protecting the organs from the effects of free radicals, especially the liver.  Metabolism, in the long run, increases free radical production and lipid profile, while decreasing the antioxidants in the liver.  Clove extracts are helpful in counteracting those effects with its hepatoprotective properties.

Cloves have been used in many traditional remedies for a number of diseases.  One such disease is diabetes.  In patients suffering from diabetes, the amount of insulin produced by the body is not sufficient or insulin is not produced at all.  Extracts from cloves imitate insulin in certain ways and help in controlling blood sugar levels.

The hydro-alcoholic extracts of cloves include phenolic compounds such as eugenol and its derivatives, such as flavones, isoflavones and flavonoids.  These extracts have been particularly helpful in preserving bone density and the mineral content of bone, as well as increasing tensile strength of bones in cases of osteoporosis.

Mutagens are those chemicals that change the genetic makeup of the DNA by causing mutations.  Biochemical compounds found in cloves, like phenylpropanoids, possess anti-mutagenic properties.  These were administered on cells treated with mutagens and they were able to control the mutagenic effects to a significant rate.

Ayurveda describes certain plants to be effective in developing and protecting the immune system.  One such plant is clove.  The dried flower bud of clove contains compounds that help in improving the immune system by increasing the white blood cell count, thereby improving delayed type hypersensitivity.

Cloves possess anti-inflammatory and pain-killing properties.  Studies on clove extracts being administered in lab rats suggest that the presence of eugenol reduced the inflammation caused by edema.  It was also confirmed that eugenol has the ability to reduce pain by stimulating pain receptors.

Cloves can be taken for gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis.  Clove bud extracts significantly controlled the growth of oral pathogens, which are responsible for various oral diseases.  Cloves can also be used for toothaches due to their pain-killing properties.

Spices such as clove and nutmeg have been said to possess aphrodisiac properties, according to Unani medicine.  Experiments on clove and nutmeg extracts were tested against standard drugs administered for that reason, and both clove and nutmeg showed positive results.

Headaches can be reduced by using cloves. Make a paste of a few cloves and mix it with a dash of rock salt.  Add this to a glass of milk.  This mixture reduces headaches quickly and effectively.

 

 

Sage

The health benefits of sage essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an antifungal, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antibacterial, cholagogue and choleretic, cicatrisant, depurative, digestive, disinfectant, emenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative and stimulating substance.

Sage, or Salvia Officinalis, as it is known in botanical nomenclature system, is a well known and frequently heard name in the world of cosmetics, particularly in the field of skin care.  Innumerable beauty treatment products claim that they contain the oil of sage, which is sage essential oil.

This essential oil is extracted by steam distillation of sage leaves and is constituted mainly of Aesculetinen, Alpha Humulene, Alpha Thujene, Alpha Thujone, Alpha Terpineol, Alpha Terpenines, Alpha Pinene, Alpha Maaliene, Aromadendrene, Beta Pinene, Beta Copaene, Beta Thujone, Borneol, Camphor, Cineole, Caryophyllene Oxide, Camphene, Delta Cadinenes, Linalool, Limonene, Myrcene, Ocimenes, Octenol, Paracymene, Para Cymenol, Salviol, Terpinenol, Thujanol and Terpinolene.

 

Lavender

The health benefits of lavender essential oil include its ability to eliminate nervous tension, relieve pain, disinfect the scalp and skin, enhance blood circulation and treat respiratory problems.  The Latin name of lavender is Lavare, which means “to wash”.

Health Benefits of Lavender Essential Oil include 

Bug RepellentInduces SleepMaintains Healthy Nervous SystemTreats AcneRelieves PainTreats Respiratory DisordersPrevents CancerImproves Blood CirculationAids in DigestionBoosts Immunity, and Treats Eczema.

Lavender oil is extracted mostly from the flowers of the lavender plant, primarily through steam distillation.  The flowers of lavender are fragrant in nature and have been used for making potpourri for centuries.  Traditionally, lavender essential oil has also been used in making perfumes.  The oil is very useful in aromatherapy and many aromatic preparations.

Lavender oil blends well with many other essential oils including cedarwood, pine, clary sagegeranium, and nutmeg.  Lavender essential oil is frequently used in various forms including aromatherapy oil, gels, infusion, lotion, and soaps.

 

Manuka

The health benefits of manuka essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an antidote to insect bites and stings, antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-histaminic, anti-allergenic. cicatrisant, cytophylactic, deodorant and relaxant substance.

Manuka is one of the youngest entries in the book of aromatherapy, as its uses in aromatherapy were discovered quite recently.  However, its medicinal uses have been known for a long time among the original inhabitants of New Zealand, the country to which this tree is native.

The scientific name of Manuka is Leptospermum Scoparium and its essential oil is sometimes priced higher that the legendary and respected Australian Tea Tree oil, due to its impressive variety of medicinal applications.  Its essential oil is derived from the leaves of Manuka through steam distillation.  The main components of this oil are caryophyllene, geraniol, pinene, humulene, linalol and leptospermone.  Strangely, the concentration of the components in this oil vary with the height on the tree where the leaves were.

 

Rosewood

The health benefits of rosewood essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, antibacterial, cephalic, deodorant, insecticide and stimulating substance. It is extracted from the rosewood tree.

The rosewood tree, which Brazil is famous for, are giant evergreen trees bearing the scientific name Aniba Rosaeaodora.  Rosewood is highly prized as a decorative wood and millions of hectares of rosewood forests have been cut down for making furniture, show pieces, and chopsticks.

Rosewood essential oil is extracted from the woody matter of the Rosewood tree by steam distillation.  Its main components are Alpha Terpineol, Alpha Pinene, Benzaldehyde, Cineole, Camphene, Geranial, Geraniol, Neral, Myrcene, Limonene, Linalool and Linalool Oxide.

Rosewood essential oil is an unbelievable healing oil.

 

 

Mountain Savory

Mountain savory is also called winter savory and white thyme.  This herb, satureja montana, is a perennial shrub that belongs to the mint family.  It is inherent to Mediterranean and is widely distributed in Turkey, Southern Europe and Russia.  Mountain savory essential oil is extracted by steam distillation of the whole herb.  It has antibacterial, anti-infectious, antiparasitic, antifungal, general tonic, immunostimulant and stimulant properties.  This oil decreases pain and strengthens the circulatory and nervous systems.  It is highly antiseptic due to the presence of high phenol content.  It counters diarrhea, nausea, lung & throat congestion as well as gastrointestinal issues.  The topical use of this essential oil after dilution inhibits the growth of Candida albicans.

It cures colds, flu, mouth sores, respiratory and fungal infections.  It also counteracts respiratory and fungal infections.  It is useful for arthritic joints, hair loss and scalp problems.
It is used in cosmetics such as soaps, lotions, body oils, mouthwashes and herbal bath bags.  It speeds up the formation of scar tissue and treats burns, insect bites, abscesses and ulcers.  It strengthens immunity and boost energy and motivation.  It fades away the feelings of guilt and shame.  It helps intimacy problems.

 

 

 

Jasmine

The health benefits of Jasmine Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, cicatrisant, expectorant, galactagogue, emmenagogue, parturient, sedative and uterine substance.  This flower has much more to offer than its sweet smell and romantic associations. 

Jasmine Essential Oil is extracted from the flowers of Jasmine, and it has various scientific names including Jasminum Grandiflora (Royal Jasmine) and Jasminum Officinale (Common Jasmine).  The oil is extracted mainly from the latter variety.

Its main components are Benzoic Acid, Benzaldehyde, Benzyl Acetate, Benzyl Alcohol, Indole, Benzyl Benzoate, Cis-3-Hexenyl Benzoate, Cis-Jasmone, Ceosol, Eugenol, Farnesol, Geraniol, Linalool, Methyl Anthranilate, P-Cresol, Nerol, Gamma Terpineol, Nerolidol, Isohytol, and Phytol.

Jasmine is a very famous flower.  It has a strong yet sweet, pleasing and romantic fragrance, which is very common in flowers that bloom only at night.  Girls are often named “Jasmine”, primarily in the Middle Eastern region and the Indian Subcontinent and also in other parts of the world.  The jasmine flower is often associated with romance and love.  Heroes in romantic novels and movies can often be found addressing their heroines by the name “Jasmine”. For ages, jasmine has been inspiring poets as well.  This flower blooms only at night and fills the surroundings with its unmistakable and alluring fragrance.

 

Pine

The health benefits of pine essential oil include its ability to reduce inflammation and associated redness, protect against sinus infections, clear mucus and phlegm, cure skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis, boost the immune system, fight fungal and viral infections, stimulate the mind and body, and protecting your home and body from a wide variety of germs.

The numerous health benefits of pine essential oil have made it one of the most important essential oils used in aromatherapy. Pine essential oil blends well with many other oils including cedarwood, rosemary, lavandin, sage, labdanum, and juniper, and therefore, it can be widely used in making aromatherapy preparations. It has a very low toxicity for humans, so it is one of the safer essential oils, although some people are sensitive and can suffer from mild respiratory irritation when inhaling too much of this powerful oil.

Pine essential oil is the oil obtained from the tree commonly known as pine, which has the Latin or scientific name Pinus Sylvestris.  It is believed that this tree originated in Austria and Russia before spreading to different parts of the world.  If you are still not sure what tree we are referring to, you have probably seen it used as a Christmas tree all over the world!  One of the reasons that pine oil has become such an important element in supplemental health is its availability.  It is relatively easy to make pine essential oil, and pine trees grow in huge numbers all over the world.

The health benefits of pine essential oil are attributed to its antibacterial, analgesic, diuretic, energizing, antiseptic, and aromatic properties. 

 

Sandal Wood

The health benefits of Sandalwood essential oil can be attributed to its properties as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, antispasmodic, astringent, cicatrisant, carminative, diuretic, disinfectant, emollient, expectorant, hypotensive, memory booster, sedative, and a tonic substance.

The essential oil of sandalwood is extracted through steam distillation of pieces of wood from matured Sandalwood trees which are 40-80 years old, although 80 years is preferred. The older the tree, the more oil is available, and the aroma is stronger.

As far as quality is concerned, Indian Sandalwood (botanical name Santalum Album) is considered best.  There are two more varieties, namely the Hawaiian Sandalwood (Santalum Ellipticum), which is quite expensive, and the Australian Sandalwood (Santalum Spicatum) which is not too beneficial, but is commercially more in use, since the first two varieties are rare and subsequently expensive; the Indian variety is on the verge of extinction and is exorbitantly expensive.  The main constituents of the essential oil of sandalwood are Beta Santalol, Santyl Acetate, and Santalenes.

For centuries, sandalwood has reserved a place of dignity and respect in many civilizations and religions of the world, especially in the Hindu Religion, where it is considered holy and indispensable in almost all of the social and religious rituals and ceremonies, from the birth of an individual until their death.  In every step, sandalwood is required.  It is offered to various Hindu gods and goddesses, mixed with flowers and other ceremonial offerings, used to embalm bodies and foreheads which is a common practice among people of many communities in India, and it is also burnt with the pyre when cremating the dead.

Sandalwood oil and the paste of sandalwood is used in medicines, skin and beauty treatments and numerous industrial products including mouth fresheners, edibles, incense sticks, room fresheners, deodorants, perfumes, soaps, lotions, and creams. It has some really remarkable medicinal properties.

 

Geranium

The health benefits of Geranium Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an astringent, hemostatic, cicatrisant, cytophylactic, diuretic, deodorant, styptic, tonic, vermifuge and a vulnerary agent. It is widely used as an element in aromatherapy for its health benefits, including its ability to improve the health of the skin, balance hormones, relieve stress and depression, reduce inflammation and irritation, alleviate the effects of menopause, improve circulation, benefit dental health, boost kidney health, and reduce blood pressure.

The Essential Oil of Geranium is extracted through steam distillation of stems and leaves of the Geranium plant, bearing the scientific name Pelargonium Odorantissimum. The main components of this oil are Alpha Pinene, Myrcene, Limonene, Menthone, Linalool, Geranyl Acetate, Citronellol, Geraniol and Geranyl Butyrate.

 

Rosemary 

Rosemary oil is one of the most popular essential oils for its wide array of health benefits. It has become increasingly important and popular over the years as more of its benefits are now known, including its ability to stimulate hair growth, boost mental activity, relieve respiratory problems and reduce pain.

Rosemary, also known as Rosmarinus Officinalis, is very popular in the Mediterranean region as a culinary herb.  Many dishes are cooked with rosemary oil and its freshly plucked leaves. Rosemary essential oil is mostly extracted from the leaves.  The rosemary bush belongs to the mint family which includes basil, lavender, myrtle, and sage.

Rosemary has been extensively used since ancient times for a variety of purposes.  The Romans gave special importance to the rosemary plant and used it frequently in religious ceremonies. It was also used during wedding ceremonies, food preparation, cosmetic and medicinal herbal care.  Rosemary plant and its extract were also used by the ancient Egyptian civilization as incense.

The health benefits of rosemary essential oil made it a favorite of Paracelsus, a renowned German-Swiss physician, and botanist, who made significant contributions to the understanding of herbal medicine during the 16th century.  Paracelsus valued rosemary oil because of its ability to strengthen the entire body.  He correctly believed that rosemary oil had the ability to heal delicate organs such as the liver, brain, and heart.

 

Peppermint

The health benefits of peppermint oil include its ability to treat indigestion, respiratory problemsheadache, nausea, fever, stomach and bowel spasms, as well as for pain relief.  Due to the presence of menthol, menthone and menthyl esters, peppermint and peppermint oil find wide applications in the manufacturing of soap, shampoo, cigarettes, toothpaste, chewing gum, tea and ice cream.

Peppermint is a cross between watermint and spearmint and is native to Europe.  Historically, the herb has been known for its medicinal uses, and its impressively long history often gives it the prestigious title as the world’s oldest medicine.

Unlike many other herbs and essential oils, numerous health benefits of peppermint and peppermint oil have been studied and proved by the scientific community.  As a result, peppermint oil is also sold in the form of capsules and tablets, and is even prescribed by doctors of alternative and modern medicine.

Peppermint oil can also be used as a flavoring agent.  You will find very few people who find peppermint unsuitable to their palate.  It contains numerous minerals and nutrients including manganeseironmagnesiumcalcium, folate, potassium, and copper.  It also contains omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin A and Vitamin C.

 

Spearmint

The health benefits of Spearmint Essential Oil can be attributed to its properties as an antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cephalic, emenagogue, insecticide, restorative and stimulant substance.

The Essential Oil of Spearmint is extracted by steam distillation of flowering tops of the spearmint plant, whose scientific name is Mentha Spicata. The main components of this oil are Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Carvone, Cineole, Caryophyllene, Linalool, Limonene, Menthol and Myrcene.

Although its aroma is similar to that of peppermint, due to the presence of menthol, its menthol content is negligible as compared to that of peppermint oil.  Spearmint oil has been a substitute for peppermint when it is unavailable, and possesses similar medicinal properties, due to the presence of similar compounds in its essential oil. Instances of its use in ancient Greece have even been found in historical records.
 

Here are some locations where wild herbs can be found with minimal civilized effects.

 

End of section.

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